Eclipse MAT is a great JVM Memory Analysis tool. Here are few tid-bits to use it effectively.
Fig: Eclipse MAT
1. Use stand-alone version
Two versions of Eclipse MAT is available:
2. Eclipse Plugin
Based on my personnel experience, stand-alone version seems to works better and faster then plugin version. So I would highly recommend installing Stand-alone version.
2. Eclipse MAT – heap size
If you are analyzing a heap dump of size say 2 GB, allocate at least 1 GB additional space for Eclipse MAT. If you can allocate more heap space than it’s more the merrier. You can allocate additional heap space for Eclipse MAT tool, by editing MemoryAnalyzer.ini file. This file is located in the same folder where MemoryAnalyzer.exe is present. To the MemoryAnalyzer.ni you will add -Xmx3g at the bottom.
-startup plugins/org.eclipse.equinox.launcher_1.3.0.v20140415-2008.jar --launcher.library plugins/org.eclipse.equinox.launcher.win32.win32.x86_64_1.1.200.v20140603-1326 -vmargs -Xmx3g
3. Enable ‘keep unreachable objects’
From it’s reporting Eclipse MAT removes the object which it thinks as ‘unreachable’. As ‘unreachable’ objects are eligible for garbage collection, MAT doesn’t displays them in the report. Eclipse MAT classifies Local variables in a method as ‘unreachable objects’. Once thread exits the method, objects in local variables will be eligible for garbage collection.
However, there are several cases where thread will go into a ‘BLOCKED’ or prolonged ‘WAITING’, ‘TIMED_WAITING’ state. In such circumstances local variables will be still alive in memory, occupying space. Since Eclipse MAT default settings doesn’t show the unreachable objects, you will not get visibility into these objects. You can change the default settings in Eclipse MAT 1.4.0 version by:
1. Go to Window > Preferences …
2. Click on ‘Memory Analyzer’
3. Select ‘Keep unreachable objects’
4. Click on ‘OK’ button
Fig: Eclipse MAT 1.4.0, showing how to enable ‘Keep unreachable objects’
4. Smart Data Settings
Eclipse MAT by default displays data in bytes. It’s difficult to read large object sizes in bytes and digest it. Example Eclipse MAT prints object size like this: “193,006,368”. It’s much easier if this data can be displayed in KB, MB, GB i.e. “184.07 MB”.
Fig: Eclipse MAT default option showing object size in bytes
Eclipse MAT provides an option to display object size in KB, MB, GB based on their appropriate size. It can be enabled by following below steps:
- Go to Window > Preferences …
- Click on ‘Memory Analyzer’
- In the ‘Bytes Display’ section select ‘Smart: If the value is a gigabyte or …’
- Click on ‘OK’ button
Fig: Settings to enable ‘smart’ data display
Once this setting change is made, all data will appear in much more readable KB, MB, GB format, as shown in below figure.